Sustainability and environmental stewardship are core values of the Shoals Marine Laboratory! We are committed to advancing our sustainable infrastructure, as well as providing educational programs that focus on sustainability.
Over the last 50 years, the entire SML community has participated in these efforts and helped us achieve: an innovative green power grid (utilizing solar and wind energy), water conservation programs, a composting center, and more! Shoals is Sustainable.
What makes SML sustainable?
- Solar-powered energy (62.5 kW from PV panels)
- Wind-powered energy (7.5 kW from Bergey wind turbine)
- Composting toilets (reduce wastewater and freshwater consumption)
- Food composting
- Rainwater collection system for garden watering
- Single-stream recycling program
- Energy efficient appliances and LED lights
Our sustainability efforts produce real savings to our island operations, allowing us to reinvest in our educational mission!
Here's How We Did It!
Until the mid-2000s, Shoals Marine Laboratory was powered exclusively by diesel generators. If the generators went down, the lights went out. By 2006, SML was consuming over 10,000 gallons of diesel per year. Since then, through the implementation of green energy solutions and our dedication to energy savings, SML has cut diesel fuel consumption by 80%. In 2015, we used just 2,000 gallons of diesel on Appledore!
Here's the timeline of our recent energy saving and conservation initatives:
2006: Sustainable Engineering Internship program begins.
2007: First solar panels (7.5 kW) are installed on Dorms 1 & 2.
2007: 80-ft Bergey wind turbine is erected.
2011: Water Conservation Building opens. Composting toilets and solar hot water heating system installed.
2013: Energy Conservation Building ("ECB") constructed to house solar and wind-powered battery bank. (NSF Grant DBI FSML 1226859)
2014: 26 kW of solar panels installed around the ECB. "Green Grid" hub (batteries, inverters, etc.) connected inside the ECB.
2015: 29 kW of solar panels added thanks to the "Bringing Energy Conservation to Light!" Crowdfunding campaign.
Outreach & Education
See Sustainable Appledore first-hand! Shoals Marine Laboratory welcomes all SML courses and visitors to learn about island sustainability initiatives. Just to name a few:
Tours of our Energy Conservation Building and Water Conservation Building for all SML students and public visitors
Sustainable Engineering Internship, for undergraduates
Sustainable Fisheries, undergraduate course
Eco-culinary Island Retreat, public education program
Tech Specs: "The Green Grid"
The Shoals Marine Laboratory maintains three diesel generators and two green energy grids to provide 24 hr/day electrical power. The green energy grids collect power from the sun and wind through photovoltaic (PV) panels and the wind turbine, which is then stored in AGM batteries. The main battery bank is housed in the newly constructed Energy Conservation Building.
The two green energy grids feed into 10 battery banks creating a storage capacity of 388 amp hours at a nominal 48 Volt DC. This stored power is inverted to AC electricity for distribution to the island’s 14 buildings.
When there is not enough wind and sun to meet the island’s electrical demands, diesel generators are used to provide the necessary backup power.